当前位置: 首页 > >

联大电机系电子资料跟元件运用实验室资料精_图文

Semiconductor Devices and physics ? 1. Crystal Structure of Solids ? 2. Quantum Theory of Solids ? 3. Semiconductor in Equilibrium and Carrier Transport phenomena ? 4. PN Junction and Metal-Semiconductor ? 5. BJT ? 6. MOSFET ? 7. Optical Device ? , AT&T , 1947 ? , 1952 ? , 1954 ? , , 1958 ? , , 1961 1958 () 1961 ? 1964 ( ) ? 12 ? 1980 18 ? 2010 Transistors Pentium III 10M 1M 80486 Pentium 100K 10K 1K 8086 80286 80386 4040 8080 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 ITRS Roadmap IC --- (Small Scale Integration) (Medium Scale Integration) (Large Scale Integration) (Very Large Scale Integration) (Ultra Large Scale Integration) (Super Large Scale Integration) SSI MSI LSI VLSI ULSI SLSI 2 ~ 50 50 ~ 5,000 5,000 ~ 100,000 100,000 ~ 10,000,000 10,000,000 ~ 1,000,000,000 1,000,000,000 DRAM / ) (m m) ( ASIC /cm2 ( ) /cm2 ( ) (mm) 1995 1997 0.35 0.25 64M 256M 1999 0.15 1G 0.017 0.007 0.003 4M 7M 13M 1 0.5 0.2 2M 4M 7M 0.3 0.1 0.05 200 200 200~300 2001 0.13 4G 2004 0.10 16G 2007 0.07 64G 0.001 0.0005 0.0002 25M 50M 90M 0.1 0.05 0.02 13M 25M 40M 0.03 0.02 0.01 300 300 300~400 0.35 300 mm 0.25 200 mm 0.18 150 mm 1997 NEC n+ n+ P 0.014 : NEC Corporation IC ? ? ? ? 30 IC ( ?) 100 ? 0.01 IC : CMOS Vss N? N- Vt ? N- LDD ? N- S/D P Vin Vdd (a) NMOS Vout (STI) PMOS P? P- Vt ? P- LDD ? P- S/D (b) , AlCu W PMD n+ n+ STI p+ P N P i P N Contact p+ (c) CMOS CMOS 1, N 2, P 3, 4, 7, 9, N-Vt, LDD, S/D 5, 8, 10, P-Vt, LDD, S/D 6, / 11, 12, : SGS Thompson Crystal Structure of Solids Semiconductor materials Crystalline lattice ? Crystalline : Atoms making up the solid are arranged in a periodic order.( ) ? Amorphous : Atoms making up the solid have no periodic structure at all.( ) ? Polycrystalline : Atoms making up the solid have small region short range periodic structures.( ) ? Lattice : The periodic arrangement of atoms in a crystal ( ) Three types of solids, classified according to atomic arrangement: (a) crystalline and (b) amorphous materials are illustrated by microscopic views of the atoms, whereas (c) polycrystalline structure is illustrated by a more macroscopic view of adjacent singlecrystalline regions, such as (a). Examples of Crystalline and Noncrystallline Solids ? Glass vs Quartz ? Diamond vs coal ? Coal vs graphite Space Lattices Primitive and Unit Cell The single crystal with its regular geometric periodicity in the atomic a



友情链接: year2525网 工作范文网 QS-ISP 138资料网 528200 工作范文网 baothai 表格模版